ANCIENT HISTORY Mystery landforms appearing in Siberia have experts baffled
Siberia is changing and experts are trying to understand why, and why so fast.
Recently, Russian scientists have found around 7,000 mysterious landforms in Siberia, leaving many experts baffled.
As experts explain, the gradual-rapid melting of permafrost in Siberia is making giant blow-out ‘hills’ to appear in the area, creating numerous problems as they pose a direct threat not only or life, but for roads and production facilities located in the area.
More than 150 geological features in the Yamal peninsula have been attributed to the blowout craters.
Scientists say that Siberian Blow-holes are created by pingos—large dome-shaped mounds formed over a core of ice. Aa the permafrost is melting, its explodes due to the build-up of methane gas underneath.
A “pingo”, also called a “hydrolaccolith”, is a mound of earth-covered ice found in the Arctic and subarctic that can reach up to 70 m in height and up to 600 m in diameter.
What worries scientists is that they are not small. They are big. Relatively Big. Some of them are really deep and wide as researchers have managed blow-up craters measuring 50 meters deep and nearly 30 meters wide.
As the Siberian permafrost is melting, it’s causing the ground which was mainly solid rock to ‘bubble’ and tremble as trapped methane and carbon dioxide escape from the frozen ground.